Whether it’s an empty threat or a real threat of intervention, however, over the past few months, China’s growing military activity around Taiwan has caused a wave of concern around the world.
One of the key points in this divisive issue is that China calls Taiwan a breakaway province that will eventually become part of the country again.
But many in Taiwan disagree. They believe that despite no official declaration of independence, they are a separate nation.
History of stress
If we look at the history of the conflict between the two countries, the first people to settle on the island of Taiwan were the people of the Estrogenic tribes, who came from modern China.
The island is mentioned in Chinese official records as 239 AD. This is the time when China sent a research team to study the region at sea. This is the historical record on the basis of which China claims sovereignty over Taiwan.
Later, shortly after the Dutch colonial period, from 1624 to 1661, the island of Taiwan was administered by the Qing Dynasty of China from 1683 to 1895.
From the 17th century onwards, large numbers of Taiwanese migrants began arriving from China, often seeking to escape their country’s difficult life or hardships.
Most of them were Hoklu ethnic Chinese from Fukin Province or some from Guangdong. The people who immigrated to Taiwan in both eras are now the largest ethnic group on the island.
In 1895, Japan won the First Sino-Japanese War, and control of Taiwan passed from the Qing Dynasty to Japanese rule. After World War II, Japan surrendered and evacuated Chinese-occupied territories.
The Republic of China, which was part of the Allied Powers during World War II — established its rule over Taiwan with the consent of its allies, the United States and the United Kingdom.
But in the next few years, civil war broke out in China, and the forces of then-leader Chiang Kai-shek were defeated by Mao Zedong’s communist forces.
In 1949, General Chiang and his remnants of the Kuomintang (KMT) government fled to Taiwan after being defeated on Chinese soil.
The group, known as the “Mainland Chinese” (native to China) and numbering about 1.5 million people, has dominated Taiwanese politics for many years — even though it is the population of Taiwan. Make up only 14% of
Chiang Kai-shek’s son, Chiang Chung-ko, allowed the process of making Taiwan a democratic country after inheriting dictatorial rule, resenting the dictatorial rule by locals and growing pressure from the growing democratic movement. Started giving
As a result, the island’s first non-MT president (non-Kuomintang), Chen Shui-bian, was elected in 2000.
What is the current state of tension?
Relations between China and Taiwan began to improve in the 1980s. China had proposed a formula known as the “one country, two systems”, which would give significant sovereignty to Taiwan if it accepted the Chinese alliance.
The system was set up in Hong Kong and was intended to be used as a good example to persuade the Taiwanese people to join China’s mainland.
Taiwan rejected the offer, but relaxed its investment rules in China. In 1991, it declared an end to the war on the mainland with the People’s Republic of China.
There were also limited talks between the parties’ non-official representatives, although Beijing insisted that Taiwan’s so-called Republic of China (ROC) government was illegitimate, meaning that talks with the government could not take place.
And in 2000, when Taiwan elected Chen Shui-bian as president, the Beijing government was upset. Mr Chen spoke openly about “freedom”.
A year after Mr Chen was re-elected in 2004, China passed a law called “separatism”, which said that if an attempt was made to “secede” from China, China would be in Taiwan’s favor. Will reserve the right to use “non-peaceful” means.
Mr Chen was succeeded by Ma Ying-jeou, who sought to improve relations with China through economic agreements after assuming power in 2008.
Eight years later, in 2016, Taiwan’s current president, Sui Ying-wen, was elected. She is the leader of the Democratic Progressive Party (DPP), which is leaning towards the idea of formal independence from China.
After Donald Trump’s victory in the 2016 U.S. election, Ms. Sui spoke to him on the phone – a major shift in U.S. policy since 1979, when U.S. formal relations with Taiwan were severed. Were
Despite the absence of formal relations, the United States and Taiwan have an agreement on the supply of defense weapons, and President Biden has stressed that any attack by China would raise “grave concerns.”
Throughout the year 2018, China increased pressure on international companies, forcing them to include Taiwan as part of China on their websites, threatening to do business in China if they did not comply. Will be blocked
Ms. Sui won for the second time in 2020. By this time, Hong Kong had been witnessing unrest for months, with protesters protesting against China’s growing influence.
Later this year, China began enforcing the National Security Act in Hong Kong, which was seen as China’s growing influence in the region.
At the same time, the United States began emphasizing its policy of expanding ties with Taiwan and continued to reassure Taipei (Taiwan’s capital) of its support. Last September, Washington sent a senior State Department official to visit Taiwan decades later.
Beijing sharply criticized the visit, warning the United States not to “send the wrong signals to elements demanding Taiwan’s independence” in order to prevent further damage to Sino-US relations.
During the controversial visit, China held military exercises in a waterway between itself and the island of Taiwan.
This year, President Joe Biden’s administration has said it has a “solid policy” of friendship with Taiwan.
In the first few days of Mr Biden’s presidency, there were reports of “major interference” by Chinese warplanes from Taiwan. Then, on April 12, the Taiwanese government claimed that Chinese fighter jets had flown the most number of times in a year in its air defense zone.
In response, the Pentagon’s commander in the Indian Ocean and Pacific Command, US Admiral John Aquino, warned that China’s attack on Taiwan was “far more likely than we thought.”
How many countries recognize Taiwan as an independent country?
There is disagreement and ambiguity about the legal status of Taiwan.
China has declared Taiwan a breakaway province and has vowed to retake it by force if necessary. But Taiwan’s leaders say it is more than a province, arguing that it is an independent state.
Taiwan has its own constitution, a democratically elected leader and a 300,000-strong armed force.
In 1949, the government of the People’s Republic of China (ROC) under Chinese General Kai-shek, who had migrated from the original Chinese mainland to Taiwan, first claimed to represent the whole of China, which meant that it Time wanted to recapture the mainland of China.
Taiwan occupied China’s seat on the UN Security Council, and many Western nations recognized the Taiwanese government as the original government of the whole of China.
But after the restoration of direct Sino-US relations in 1971, the United Nations recognized the Beijing administration as China’s original representative government.
This changed the diplomatic identity of the region, and the government of the People’s Republic of China (ROC) lost its identity as it had before. Since then, only 15 countries have officially recognized the government of the People’s Republic of China (ROC).
Whatever diplomatic changes take place between the two situations, Taiwan’s ambiguous diplomatic status seems more appropriate to many countries. And they gladly accept it. That is, Taiwan has virtually all the features of an independent state, despite its unclear legal status.
How big of a political issue is independence in Taiwan?
Although political progress has been slow during this time, people-to-people contacts between the two regions have grown rapidly.
Taiwanese companies have invested about 60 60 billion in China and now about one million Taiwanese have settled in mainland China, with many Taiwanese factories operating in China.
Some Taiwanese fear that their economy is now increasingly dependent on China. Others believe that more business ties reduce the likelihood of a Chinese military action, as the war will hurt China’s economy.
A controversial trade deal in 2014 sparked the Sunflower Movement, during which students and human rights activists protested in front of Taiwan’s parliament, chanting slogans against China’s growing influence in Taiwan. Had applied
Some Taiwanese openly speak of complete freedom, while most speak of a middle ground.
Officially, the ruling DPP still favors final formal independence for Taiwan, while the KMT ultimately favors reunification.
A public opinion poll shows that a small minority of people in Taiwan currently support the choice of one route, while most prefer to live in the current, middle ground.
Yet the majority of the population believes they consider themselves Taiwanese rather than Chinese. Support for the DPP increased in the January 2016 elections, probably due to general public dissatisfaction with KMT’s ability to deal with economic issues.
And one of the reasons is that President Ma’s administration was increasing Taiwan’s dependence on Beijing