The world calls the Greek king Alexander or Alexander the Great ‘Alexander the Great’ because he established his empire from Europe to Asia at a very young age.
Before he died at the age of just 32, Alexander forced Greece’s centuries-old enemy, Persia, to its knees and established a government in the Middle East, the center of civilization.
The teachings of his teacher Aristotle have been key to Alexander’s greatness and success.
Do you know what Aristotle taught Alexander?
Aristotle told a story to Alexander and this story was made up of a combination of fact and fiction.
This was the story of the Battle of Troy, which the Greek poet Homer described in detail in his epic Allied.
This story is the essence of human emotions. There is love in it, there is hatred, it is the story of Razm and Bazm too. It also describes the deeds of human beings and their failures.
Allied is an epic that inspired Alexander to win. He learned the solidarity and war strategy of the Greek kings from the Battle of Troy and then conquered the world.
Stories are embedded in our culture. Storytelling has existed in every corner of the globe, from east to west, and from north to south, and in every age of human civilization.
As children, we heard stories from our grandmothers. The story of kings and queens, the story of Alif Laila, the story of seven sisters, the story of Alibaba forty thieves, the story of Sindbad and the story of Panch Tantra or Kalila and Damna etc.
We learn a lesson from each story. In addition, words are used to sketch this period in order to get information about the customs, habits and other things of that period.
Storytelling has been a tradition in every age. In Arab countries, there have been stories of Alif Laila, while in India there are epic tales like Panch Tantra and Mahabharata and Ramayana.
Stories are not only the adornment of books but also their value in human life.
Aristotle said that literature and stories play an important role not only for the entertainment of human beings but also for teaching the lessons of humanity and making rules and regulations.
In addition, poetry reflects human emotions and plays a role in making us better human beings.
It is not that literature all over the world began with epic or with the stories of the defeat and victory of the kings of that era. In many places, literature began with poetry.
In China, for example, in the beginning of literature, the task of reciting poetry was not limited to poets but was to test poetry for higher positions, and the ability to recite poetry and understand poetry was considered essential for all senior government officials. ۔
Inspired by China, poetry flourished in Japan as well.
In ancient times, women were not allowed to read literature in Japan. But the world’s first novel, The Tale of Genji, was written there, and its author, Marasaki Shekibu, was a woman, despite the ban on ‘Wherever the Way Is’.
This woman had learned to write by watching her brother read, then she wrote a masterpiece novel of about a thousand pages. He also included about 800 poems in his novel to make it a classical literature.
The credit for revolutionizing the world of literature or fiction goes to the Arab countries who learned the technique of making paper from China and made it a very successful business.
Before the invention of paper, stories were passed down from generation to generation in the form of oral literature.
When man began to write, he began to write his thoughts on the bark and leaves of trees, engraved on stones. After the discovery of the paper, the whole scene changed and the stories of Alif Laila were similarly combined in Arabia.
Be it stories or poems or epic tales, they are all an important part of human history. The concept of paradise and hell is very religious. But the Italian poet Dante has presented it in a very beautiful way in his book ‘Divine Comedy’.
The invention of paper protected literature and brought it together. The invention of printing took him from house to house. The practice of writing novels after printing flourished.
Novels, especially for women, began to be written on a large scale.
New emerging countries used the modern novel for their independence. In fact, cultural freedom is very important for political freedom and the novel gives it complete freedom.
As technology progressed, so did the access to literature. The rising level of education also played an important role. As more readers began to appear, more storytellers began to appear. There are so many types it’s hard to say.
Today we are living in the age of internet. With a single click, literature from all over the world comes before us. Although the online availability of everything has had a detrimental effect on the publication of books, it has not diminished the obsession of storytellers and storytellers.
Even if no one seems to be reading a book, everyone has gadgets that allow them to read whenever they want. So we can say that in the digital world we are making a fresh start in writing literature.
No matter how much the times have changed, the kings and queens have changed, but the era of storytelling continues and the government of the story is established in our hearts.